Involvement and Participation
The concept of involvement and participation underlies this whole report. It seems central to the comments of all our consultants. Rand has summarized the point when he says, "Designed environments which are thought out. formalized,and complete are usually lifeless' and unapproachable because (a) they do not invite interaction and modification to suit immediate
human needs; (b) they are unable to grow, develop and become extended through human use. Human habitation merely fulfills (for better or far worse)
the designer's conception of their potential meaning rather than leading to the discoveryof new functions and new forms of interaction. Oddly enough [he goes on to say] many environsents which 'work' well for people meet few if any, aesthetic criteria ordinarily employed by designers." From New York, New York (1968) by Lawrence Halpern and Associates.