A fixed park is a park where most or all of its recreation equipment is bolted to the ground. The equipment offered in a fixed park is static and cannot change and grow to meet the needs of the community.
In NYC Fixed parks actually do get updated, but it can often be decades before this occurs.
Loose park-A loose park is one that offers
- A "library" of portable recreation equipment
-can have new equipment added to it's library in days not decades
-A fixed park can be transformed into a loose park by either adding a library of loose parts to the park, or making a library of loose parts available in a nearby structure.
-The cost to transform a fixed park into a loose park is minimal
Paratransit is recognized in North America
as special transportation services for people with disabilities, often
provided as a supplement to fixed-route bus and rail systems by public
Paratransit for Parks-by supplementing the fixed equipment offerings of a fixed park with a library of special needs Loose Parts, parks departments can create a paradyme analogous to paratransit for their parks.
The idea of Loose Parks is based on Involvement and Participation by psychologist Paul Rand from Lawrence Halprin's New York, New York and Simon Nicholson's How Not to Cheat Children The Theory of Loose Parts.